Brief overview of iron ore mining in ChinaChina is a country with plenty of iron ore reserves. However, almost all of the reserves consist of magnetite with an average iron content of~30%. In comparison, the largest iron ore producers in the world all mine reserves that consist of hematite and contain around 60% iron. As a result of the low Fe content, Chinese iron ore requires beneficiation to raise the iron content to levels suitable for sintering or pelletising. After beneficiation, Chinese domestic iron ore production consists mostly of concentrate with an iron content of ~64-66%.